Places You Need to Visit to Discover Croatia’s Roman Heritage
It is apparent that Croatia is a country of many beauties: It has magnificent beaches, exciting mountains, mesmerising nature parks and so much more, yet many forget its history. The Roman Empire ruled what is modern-day Croatia for over five centuries, so it comes as a less of a surprise to know that Croatia holds a lot of historical ruins of the ancient roman empire which are interesting to see and simply amazing.
Here are some that we’ve picked for you.
This lovely Croatian city used to be called Pola Pollentia and it was a part of Venetia et Histria, a region of Roman Italy. During the period of 27 BC – 68 AD, the great amphitheatre, Pula Arena, was constructed. This edifice is still standing, and it is the best-preserved roman amphitheatre. It had a capacity of 20 000 people, and, much of it being preserved, today houses events from Pula’s film festival to ice hockey games.
The Romans also supplied the city with a water supply and sewage systems. They fortified the city with a wall with ten gates. A few of these gates still remain: the triumphal Arch of the Sergii, the Gate of Hercules (in which the names of the founders of the city are engraved) and the Twin Gates, all worth visiting.
You also should visit Pula’s Temple of Augustus, located in the Forum at the centre of Old Town, which houses ancient bronze and stone statues. If you need a place to stay, click here.
The first thing you need to see when you come to visit Split is Diocletian’s Palace. Why? The old city of Split built between the 3rd and 4th centuries is centred around the Palace of Diocletian, which you may recall from the “Games of Thrones”.
The UNESCO World Heritage Site embraces 220 buildings within the palace boundaries that have been transformed into cafes and bars and they also house 3000 people. Who wouldn’t want to live an ancient Roman palace? We’ve already written about the Diocletian’s palace here and we’ve found some great accommodation options for you in Split.
You also must not miss the Temple of Jupiter. Look for the black granite headless sphinx guarding the entrance to this small temple built in the 5th century. The decorative frieze on the walls, vaulted ceiling, and a statue of John the Baptist make this a short but worthwhile stop while exploring Diocletian’s Palace.
Salona was the birthplace of the Roman Emperor Diocletian and at the time was the main Roma settlement in the area. Today, it is a very pleasant walk through the history. Although most of the buildings are now ruins, the amphitheatre is well worth the walk. This amphitheatre has a history, that you will discover. While you take a stroll, it is not difficult to envision the late Roman empire city.
When it comes to Dubrovnik, there are two sites you can’t miss: The ancient city walls and Mincetta fortress.
Ancient city walls offer an invigorating walk during which you can see the most beautiful view of the city. The view from the wall is amazing, so is the old town and the Fort. Narrow, exciting streets, historical buildings, ornate with restaurants and shops, it really holds a special atmosphere. It is a must see for Game of Thrones fans since King’s Landing scenes were shot here.
This fortress is right near the end of the City Wall walk and while you’ll have to climb a few stairs to reach the top, the view is incredible. It’s a photogenic spot and you can take amazing photos across the town from this site.